Spinal fractures can occur from trauma of high or low energy incidence, but also in cases of osteoporosis or bone tumors. Of these the majority are in the thoracic and lumbar spine.
It is common practice for a fracture of any weight-bearing joint to first be reduced, then stabilized.
When surgical treatment is indicated the planning should focus on 4 basic treatment principles as defined by the AO foundation in 1958:
According to fracture severity, different approaches can be applied:
All of these treatments are able to reduce patient’s pain. Realignment of the spine is an important factors to avoid post-traumatic deformity but not all of them are able to restore coronal and sagittal balance.
New Spinal Fracture every 22 seconds worldwide!