Height restoration and maintenance after treating unstable osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures

BIOMECHANICAL STUDIES - SPINEJACK® PUBLICATIONS

Height restoration and maintenance after treating unstable osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures

BIOMECHANICAL STUDIES - SPINEJACK® PUBLICATIONS

Height restoration and maintenance after treating unstable osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures by cement augmentation is dependent from the cement volume used. Clin Biomech 2013 ; 28 : 725-730.

Krüger A, Baroud G, Noriega D, Figiel J, Dorschel C, Ruchholtz S, Oberkircher L.

 

Conclusion:

Abstract

Background

Two different procedures, used for percutaneous augmentation of vertebral compression fractures were compared, with respect to height restoration and maintenance after cyclic loading. Additionally the impact of the cement volume used was investigated.

Methods

Wedge compression fractures were created in 36 human cadavaric vertebrae (T10-L3). Twenty-seven vertebrae were treated with the SpineJack® with different cement volumes (maximum, intermediate, and no cement), and 9 vertebrae were treated with Balloon Kyphoplasty. Vertebral heights were measured pre- and postfracture as well as after treatment and loading. Cyclic loading was performed with 10,000 cycles (1 Hz, 100–600 N).

Findings

The average anterior height after restoration was 85.56% for Kyphoplasty; 96.20% for SpineJack® no cement; 93.44% for SpineJack® maximum and 96% for the SpineJack® intermediate group. The average central height after restoration was 93.89% for Kyphoplasty; 100.20% for SpineJack® no cement; 99.56% for SpineJack® maximum and 101.13% for the SpineJack® intermediate group. The average anterior height after cyclic loading was 85.33 % for Kyphoplasty; 87.30% in the SpineJack® no cement, 92% in the SpineJack® maximum and 87% in the SpineJack® intermediate group. The average central height after cyclic loading was 92% for Kyphoplasty; 93.80% in the SpineJack® no cement; 98.56% in the SpineJack® maximum and 94.25% in the SpineJack® intermediate group.

Interpretation

Height restoration was significantly better for the SpineJack® group compared to Kyphoplasty. Height maintenance was dependent on the cement volume used. The group with the SpineJack® without cement nevertheless showed better results in height maintenance, yet the statistical significance could not be demonstrated.

 

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